What Is SHV RF Connector
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What Is SHV RF Connector

Views: 0     Author: Uly Hong     Publish Time: 2023-10-09      Origin: LenoRF


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In the realm of radio frequency (RF) connectors, the Safe High Voltage (SHV) connectors stand out as a specialized solution designed for low-frequency, high-voltage applications. With a characteristic impedance of 50 Ω, these connectors are engineered to provide a safe and reliable means of transmitting high voltage, with an emphasis on safety and protection against accidental shocks. SHV connectors are known for their reverse-polarized two-stud bayonet style mating series, ensuring secure connections in environments where voltage ratings can reach up to 5 kV.

This comprehensive guide will explore the world of SHV connectors, delving into their design, technical specifications, historical background, applications across various industries, interface standards, and variations offered by manufacturers to cater to specific voltage handling needs.

Understanding SHV Connectors

1. Design and Construction

SHV connectors are characterized by their reverse-polarized two-stud bayonet style mating design. This unique design ensures that the high voltage contact is disconnected before the ground contact during the disconnection process, significantly reducing the risk of accidental shocks. Additionally, SHV connectors are engineered with easily recognizable elongated dielectrics and reversed contact genders, making it impossible for them to mate with MHV or BNC series connectors. This gender reversal serves as a protective measure to prevent users from forcing a high voltage connector into a low voltage plug or vice versa.

2. Technical Specifications

To gain a comprehensive understanding of SHV connectors, it is essential to delve into their key technical specifications:

  • Impedance: 50 Ω

  • Maximum Operating Frequency: 0.30 GHz

  • Coupling Mechanism: Bayonet Coupling

  • Voltage Rating: Up to 3,500 Vrms and 5,000 Vdc peak

  • Interface Standards: IEC 60498, MIL-STD-348B

These specifications highlight the unique design elements and voltage-handling capabilities that make SHV connectors a reliable choice for low-frequency, high-voltage applications.

Historical Background

The exact origins of the SHV connector can be traced back to the 1960s, a period of significant development in RF connector technology. While the precise development timeline and originator of the SHV connector remain somewhat unclear, it is speculated that Bell Labs played a role in its creation. The SHV connector emerged as a response to the need for a connector that prioritized safety in high-voltage applications while also addressing the challenges associated with gender reversals that occurred with MHV and BNC connectors.

Applications of SHV Connectors

SHV connectors find applications across various industries where low-frequency, high-voltage requirements are present. Some notable applications include:

1. Nuclear Instrumentation

In the field of nuclear instrumentation, SHV connectors play a critical role in connecting components and instruments that operate at high voltage levels. These connectors help ensure the safe and reliable transmission of signals in this demanding environment.

2. Geiger Counters

Geiger counters, used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation, often require high-voltage connections. SHV connectors are well-suited for such applications, offering the necessary safety and performance standards.

3. X-Ray Equipment

In medical and industrial X-ray equipment, SHV connectors provide a secure means of connecting high-voltage components. Safety and reliability are paramount in these applications, making SHV connectors an ideal choice.

4. Electrical Transmission Equipment

SHV connectors also find use in electrical transmission equipment, where high voltages are involved in the transmission and distribution of electrical power.

5. Laboratory and Research Environments

Laboratory and research environments may require high-voltage connections for various experiments and tests. SHV connectors offer the safety and performance needed in these settings.

Variations of SHV Connectors

Manufacturers offer variations of SHV connectors to cater to specific voltage handling needs, with some capable of handling even higher voltages than the standard 5 kVdc. These variations provide users with options to choose the ideal SHV connector for their specific application, ensuring that safety and performance requirements are met.


Safe High Voltage (SHV) connectors, with their unique reverse-polarized two-stud bayonet style mating design, serve as a critical link in low-frequency, high-voltage applications. Their emphasis on safety, coupled with the ability to prevent accidental shocks and gender reversals, makes them a reliable choice for environments where voltage ratings can reach up to 5 kV.

As the demand for connectors that prioritize safety and reliability in high-voltage scenarios continues to grow, SHV connectors remain at the forefront, offering a solution that addresses these crucial requirements. In industries ranging from nuclear instrumentation and Geiger counters to X-ray equipment and electrical transmission, SHV connectors play a vital role in ensuring the secure and efficient transmission of high-voltage signals.

The historical legacy and continued relevance of SHV connectors underscore their significance in the world of RF technology, where safety and performance are paramount considerations. With variations available to accommodate higher voltage requirements, SHV connectors continue to evolve to meet the diverse needs of modern applications across various industries.

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